I research the human right to democratic decision-making, focusing on new legal developments in rights of direct political democracy, environmental democracy, economic democracy, workplace democracy, democratic control of money as a public good, and the right to democratic decision-making in global governance. I have a particular interest in the growing use of randomly selected citizens’ assemblies (sortition)—which automatically achieve fifty percent participation of women drawn from a cross-section of socio-economic groups.


Citizens' assemblies have been used widely including to address climate change and abortion reform in Ireland, constitution drafting in Iceland, and electoral reform in Canada. I focus on empirical study of how such innovations in direct, participatory democracy can be used to help address the elite capture of policy outcomes in electoral democracy and technocratic rule in public and private governance that is at the root of rising inequality; structural racism, sexism, and classism; environmental catastrophe; and economic exploitation.




Published in the American Society of International Law (ASIL) Studies in International Legal Theory series.

The purpose of the ASIL Studies in International Legal Theory is to clarify and improve the theoretical foundations of international law. Too often the progressive development and implementation of international law has foundered on confusion about first principles. This series raises the level of public and scholarly discussion about the structure and purposes of the world legal order and how best to achieve global justice through law. This series grows out of the International Legal Theory project of the American Society of International Law. The ASIL Studies in International Legal Theory deepen this conversation by publishing scholarly monographs and edited volumes of essays considering subjects in international legal theory.

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Student-led, co-authored human rights report.

Submission to the Australian Human Rights Commission in response to their call for submissions regarding the Commission's "Human Rights and Technology: Discussion Paper" (December 2019).


Rapid advances in artificial intelligence (AI) will accelerate the concentration of authoritarian power and increase systemic inequality and discrimination unless there is democratic control of AI. Democratic control of AI requires control by citizens' assemblies, decision-making bodies comprised of randomly-selected individuals who hear from experts and have the power to determine AI law and policies. Citizens' assemblies have a proven record of success in securing democratic control of public policy-making in Ireland, Iceland, Canada, Australia, and elsewhere.

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© 2020 Jonathan Crock. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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